Fecal Sludge Management: A smelly but fruitful business!

Today, 2.1 billion people in urban areas use nonsewered (or on-site) sanitation facilities. While much of the work in rural areas is focused on creating and sustaining open defecation free communities and generating demand for communities to construct toilets, the downstream activities of collecting and transporting fecal sludge present a unique challenge for urban residents. These services are mostly provided by private operators, and are generally uncontrolled and unregulated. The inadequate disposal of fecal sludge in the environment represents a direct threat to public health and negates the positive outcomes from behavioral change and improvements in sanitation access.

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An Emerging Fecal Sludge Management System in a Post-Conflict Situation: The Case of Juba

By Barbara Kazimbaya Senkwe (PhD)


Three years after independence South Sudan is building its municipal services, especially urban sanitation. However coverage remains low, even by African standards, at 19% in 2009 (WSP, 2010). In the capital Juba, sanitation and other services lag behind the city’s rapid growth. Piped sewerage is available to just about 2% of Juba’s population and is mostly provided to ministers’ homes and government offices. The majority of Juba residents use pit latrines and pourflush toilets which are emptied by mechanized exhausters that dispose the fecal waste at the Roton wastewater lagoon. Juba therefore has an emerging Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) system comprising the three key components of Containment, Collection and Transportation, and treatment and disposal of fecal waste. With development of citywide sewer network not anticipated for a while yet, this FSM system is crucial in the safe handling and disposal of fecal matter.




Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene November - December 2017 Vol.12 No.6