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It’s slow going for businesses aiming to tackle Tanzania’s water problems

By Oliver Balch

Over one third of Tanzania is semi-arid. With few rivers and diminishing levels of clean groundwater 48 of its citizens lackOver one third of Tanzania is semi-arid. With few rivers and diminishing levels of clean groundwater 48 of its citizens lackThe semi-arid country has diminishing groundwaterand a lack of safe water access. New public-privatepartnerships are springing up, but a lack of trust andpublic awareness mean pace is slow.

Tanzania’s water problems are only too obvious. Over onethird of East Africa’s largest country is semi-arid. Withfew rivers and diminishing levels of clean groundwater,48% of its 45 million citizens lack access to safe water.The consequent productivity losses, health costs andpremature deaths (an estimated 26,000 Tanzanians die ofdiarrhoeal disease every year) are put at £206m – around1% of the country’s total GDP.

Choosing the right post-2015 sanitation indicators

By Brian Arbogast

Nyaluak Reath Choap a volunteer sanitation worker at a refugee camp inIn just under 500 days, we will reach the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals. Some of those goals will be met, and I hope that those involved will take a moment to celebrate. But that isn’t the case for those of us working in the area of sanitation.

We are among the furthest from achieving our MDG target, which is to reduce by half the number of people who don’t have access to improved sanitation. Falling short of this target is a major disappointment,

New Collaboration Launched to Restore the World’s Forests

United Nations Environment Programme and International Union for Conservation of Nature join forces to restore forest ecosystems

Dunes and Pine Forest at Coto Doñana National Park inSpain byPeterDunes and Pine Forest at Coto Doñana National Park inSpain byPeterEfforts to combat climate change and improve livelihoods by restoring forest lands continue to build momentum. A new collaboration is being launched between the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to restore at least 150 million hectares of forest landscapes by 2020, leading up to the Secretary- General’s Climate Summit on 23 September 2014.

world water week 2014 world water weeks stockholm2014

World Water Week: Water efficiency must be the guiding star in fight to eradicate hunger and poverty

 world water weeks 2014

Stockholm (2014-09-05) – The 2014 World Water Week, focusing on energy and water, closed today with participants jointly emphasising the importance of a water goal, as well as intimate integration of energy and water in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The Week also concluded that water efficiency is one of the main tools in combatting poverty and hunger.

Municipal wastewater: from production to use

The CGIAR Research Programme on Water, Land and Ecosystems, led by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), and the Land and Water Division of FAO are collaborating to collect, analyze and validate the best available data on municipal wastewater production, collection, treatment, discharge and direct use for irrigation purposes. The results of this collaboration are available in AQUASTAT, also announced on IWMI’s website.

While other existing wastewater databases often focus on percentage of sanitation coverage or pollution loads, AQUASTAT focuses on annual volumes at national level. The reason for choosing volume as the parameter is to facilitate the integration of these data in the water resources and use accounts in the different countries.

Global wastewater database

New data pool will boost global assessment and monitoring of wastewater and its fate.

Wastewater irrigation in Ghana Photo by Nana Kofi Acquah IWMIWastewater irrigation in Ghana Photo by Nana Kofi Acquah IWMIAs the world urbanizes, demands on water resources will skyrocket. Not only will burgeoning cities increase their water use, more and higher quality food will be needed to sate urban appetites. Millions of farmers are already responding to this new reality by using urban effl uents to grow crops in periurban areas. Wastewater is a source of water all the year round, rich in nutrients and, if safely used, can be a highly productive resource.

How and Why Countries are changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030

By Eddy Perez

The proposed WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) WASH Post 2015 goals for sanitation calls for universal access to basic improved sanitation – by the year 2030. Using largely small scale project approaches that have failed to deliver sustainable sanitation service delivery – especially for the poor -- most countries have not yet achieved the more modest MDG sanitation goals.

However, many countries have already started working to achieve the goal of universal access by taking steps to make the transformational changes needed to stop doing “business as usual” in their sanitation programs. At the recent High Level Meeting of the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) partnership – attended by 20 ministers of fi nance and 35 ministers responsible for water and sanitation representing 43 countries -- over half of the countries set out a vision to achieve universal access to sanitation by or before 2030, 22 countries aim to eliminate open defecation by or before 2030 and, twothirds of the countries made specific commitments relating to the elimination of inequalities. Countries such as Tanzania, Kenya, Laos, India, Ethiopia and Indonesia are making changes in policies, institutional roles, fi nancing approaches, programmatic approaches, and strengthening the implementation capacity of local governments.




Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene December 2018 Vol.13 No.6