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 The Water Report 2016

The Water Report siwiPublisher: SIWI
Publication date: August 2016
Language: English
Publisher: New York, USA; Eschborn, Germany 

Summary

At the core of SIWI’s work is building and sharing knowledge about water and development issues. A better understanding of our shared challenges, responsibilities and opportunities is necessary if we are to successfully and sustainably manage the world’s water resources for future generations.

Drought and Sub-Saharan African Economies

Drought and Sub Saharan African EconomiesDroughts are frequent and severe in many countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and have a devastating impact on their peoples and economies. The extreme vulnerability to rainfall in the arid and semiarid areas of the continent and the poor capacity of most African soils to retain moisture result in almost 60 percent of SSA being vulnerable to drought and 30 percent being extremely vulnerable.

Since the 1960s, rainfall in parts of the Sahel and Southern Africa has also been significantly below the norms of the previous 30 years. Moreover, the prospects of an El Nino effect has led to more focus on the impact of drought in SSA. Against the background of a dearth of investigative studies on drought’s economic impact, a recent report, the impact of drought on SubSaharan African economies: a preliminary examination examines this phenomenon more closely.

Economic valuation of wastewater the cost of action and the cost of no action

Economic valuation of wastewater the cost ofForeword
Over the years, wastewater has been a source of pollution due to urbanization, growing cities, industrialization and improved material consumption, among other factors. Today, an estimated 80 per cent of global wastewater is being discharged untreated into the world’s waterways. This affects the biological diversity of aquatic ecosystems and disrupts the fundamental web of our life support systems, on which a wide range of sectors from urban development to food production and industry depend.

With only 8 per cent of the required capacity to treat wastewater effectively, low-income countries are the hardest hit by contaminated water supplies and resulting impacts: loss of ecosystem services and economic opportunities; climate change aggravation through wastewater-related emissions of methane (CH4 ) and nitrous oxide (NO2 ); spreading of “Dead Zones” impacting fisheries, livelihoods and the food chain; and health impacts due to waterborne diseases. Yet, if properly managed, wastewater could be a source of water, energy, fertilizer and other valuable materials and services.

Scaling up group handwashing in schools

Scaling up group handwashing in schoolsCompendium of group washing facilities across the globe
Published in: 2016
Pages: 88
Publisher: New York, USA; Eschborn, Germany
Author: UNICEF, GIZ

Handwashing with soap is among the most effective hygiene behaviours helping to prevent infectious diseases.

The importance of daily group handwashing has been recognized and integrated into the UNICEF/GIZ Three Star Approach (TSA) to WASH in Schools (WinS), which has gained momentum around the world. With its focus o usable, cost-efficient and adequate infrastructure, the TSA provides a realistic stepwise concept to improve WinS infrastructure. It also creates opportunities for schools, school communities and decision makers in the education and other relevant sectors to establish a healthy learning environment for children to practice good hygiene behaviour in the school setting.

The State of the World’s Children 2016: A fair chance for every child

The State of the Worlds Children 2016Author: UNICEF
Price: Free
No. of pages: 180
Publication date: June 2016
Publisher: UNICEF

Every child has the right to health, education and protection, and every society has a stake in expanding children’s opportunities in life. Yet, around the world, millions of children are denied a fair chance for no reason other than the country, gender or circumstances into which they are born.

The State of the World’s Children 2016 argues that progress for the most disadvantaged children is not only a moral, but also a strategic imperative. Stakeholders have a clear choice to make: invest in accelerated progress for the children being left behind, or face the consequences of a far more divided world by 2030. At the start of a new development agenda, the report concludes with a set of recommendations to help chart the course towards a more equitable world.

 

                           


            

Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene March-April 2017 Vol.12 No.2