Title Water Resources Development Practitioners Donors Policy Makers; Eastern Africa
Authors: Oduor, A.R. Kipruto, C. Maimbo, M.M. Nyolei, D. de Vries, A.
Publisher: World Agroforestry Centre
Publication Date: 2013
Pages 90 - 108
In order to enhance food security in Turkana through agro-silvo-pastural production, water becomes a key resource that should be managed in line with tenets and methods specifically suited to dry regions.
Fresh innovative approaches to water technologies as well as revisits of practices developed in arid regions by ancient agriculturalists need to be embraced. Such approaches should take cognizance of physical and technical sustainability where supply and demand aspects are acknowledged. Turkana faces both physical and economic water scarcity interchangeably during and between seasons.
Efforts should as much as possible, be made to ensure that water infrastructure impedes losses emanating from evaporation, seepage and inefficient applications. For an optimal use, all water resources should be considered conjunctively. This means that the best combination of available water resources i.e. direct precipitation, surface water and underground water bodies should be applied according to the prevailing conditions temporal and spatial circumstances.