news in brief

Corporate Water Stewardship in Brazil

BrazilThe Global Compact Brazil held its annual meeting, “Forum Pacto Global” on the SDGs on November 9th, 2016. A highlight of the meeting was the official launch of the CEO Water Mandate in Brazil and included an overview of the Mandate and the contribution it and water stewardship generally can make to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The meeting also highlighted two projects that are underway, “Menos Perda, Mais Agua” and SaveH.

The Mandate Secretariat will be working closely with the Global Compact Brazil, its members, as well as Mandate endorsers to take meaningful action to address local water challenges while contributing to the SDGs.

USAID: Sustainable Water Partnership Award (SWP)

USAIDThe Mandate has joined a consortium led by Winrock International in partnership with Tetra Tech, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Stockholm Environment Institute, and the World Resources Institute. The consortium has been awarded a five year USAID cooperative agreement to implement the Sustainable Water Partnership (SWP) Program to promote water security and resilience to water risks.

SWP will assist USAID in integrating water security issues into USAID Mission programming. The program has two components: 1) support and accelerate cross-cutting activities to advance USAID’s water security thought leadership, innovation and action and to design relevant initiatives, and 2) to undertake larger demonstration activities.

The Mandate will bring a corporate water stewardship dimension to SWP, working to develop a private sector engagement strategy, as well as relevant toolkits and messaging material to be used by USAID. As the SWP lands in particular locations, the Mandate will engage with Mandate endorsing companies to gauge their interest in engaging in local collective action projects.

Empowering Farmers and Implementing Modern Irrigation Helps China Reduce Water Consumption

China Farmland Sprinkler SystemChina Farmland Sprinkler SystemChina is a water-stressed country: per capita water resources are about a quarter of the global average, or 2,100 cubic meters. This scarcity is more severe when the spatial distribution of water sources, the total population and arable land, are taken into account, and the increasing impact of climate change compounds the problem. Irrigated agriculture, as an essential source of rural employment and livelihoods for over half of the population, uses over 60% of the nation’s total water resources; more than any other activity. To ensure sustainable use of the limited water resources, making more efficient use of water in agriculture is critical for China.

Between 2012 and 2016, the World Bank worked with China to implement the Water Conservation Project II in Hebei, Shanxi and Ningxia, the three most water-scarce provinces in the Northern region.

Sewage Sludge May Soon Fuel Airplanes

By Sara Jerome

Image credit: “jet,” rok1966 © 2008Image credit: “jet,” rok1966 © 2008New technology may make it possible for sewage sludge to fuel airplanes, a development that’s part of a growing fleet of innovations impacting where waste plant managers send the sludge that is a byproduct of their daily operations. The latest innovation comes out of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Energy Department government research lab based Richland, WA.

Here’s what’s new about PNNL’s breakthrough, per the lab: “Sewage, or more specifically sewage sludge, has long been viewed as a poor ingredient for producing biofuel because it’s too wet. The approach being studied by PNNL eliminates the need for drying required in a majority of current thermal technologies which historically has made wastewater to fuel conversion too energy intensive and expensive.”

The world’s wet regions are getting wetter; the dry regions are getting drier

Earth’s wet regions are getting wetter and dry regions are getting drier, but it is happening at a slower rate than previously thought, research shows. Credit: © RJPhotography / FotoliaEarth’s wet regions are getting wetter and dry regions are getting drier, but it is happening at a slower rate than previously thought, research shows. Credit: © RJPhotography / FotoliaResearch from the University of Southampton has provided robust evidence that wet regions of Earth are getting wetter and dry regions are getting drier but it is happening at a slower rate than previously thought. More rain and outflow from rivers in a region of an ocean means sea water gets diluted and therefore becomes less salty. More evaporation in another region takes away fresh water and leaves salt behind making that region more saline.

The researchers used measurements of salinity throughout the global and deep oceans over the last 60 years to estimate how much global rainfall is changing. The researchers found that the regions, which are relatively wet, like Northern Europe are getting wetter and dry regions are getting drier both by about 2 per cent over the last 60 years. This process is called amplification of the water cycle.

 

                           


            

Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene March-April 2017 Vol.12 No.2