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INDIA, New Delhi: How sexual violence against women is linked to water and sanitation

Girls under ten being have been raped while on their way to use a public toilet, say women living in Delhi’s slums. In one slum, boys hid in toilet cubicles at night waiting to rape those who entered. These are some of the incidents mentioned in a recent briefing note based on research supported by WaterAid and the DFID-funded SHARE (Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity).

The link between a lack of access to water and sanitation facilities and sexual violence against women is not well known and to date has received insufficient attention.

The briefing note highlights this link within the context of urban slums in Delhi, and suggests how this problem can be addressed.

Lennon, S. 2011. Fear and anger : perceptions of risks related to sexual violence against women linked to water and sanitation in Delhi, India. (SHARE briefing note). London, UK, SHARE, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 15 p. Available at:

India’s water sector sees emerging role for private sector participation as a means to improve services

India’s water sector is increasingly looking towards development of private sector participation, but this could be hampered by the lack of a clearly articulated framework for wider scale mainstreaming and adoption of private sector engagement. Trends in Private Sector Participation in the Indian Water Sector: A Critical Review, a new field note based on a recent WSP study, reveals India’s water sector is increasingly focusing on: water distribution improvements, the emergence of a variety of contractual structures, that is, not just full concessions, an increased share of public funding, and the growing role of domestic private operators.

Several of these emerging trends appear to mirror those observed in other developing countries. They reflect alignment with the country’s ground realities, namely a preference for public control over assets in water supply, non-acceptance of sharp tariff increases, continued wariness of international operators, and higher risk-taking abilities of domestic operators.

However, several emerging challenges could hamper private participation in the sector. The most salient of these is the absence of a clearly articulated framework for private sector engagement that could facilitate its mainstreaming and adoption on a wider scale. A comprehensive set of interventions are required to address this critical gap and also overcome lingering stakeholder fears associated with private operators in the water sector.


Bride awarded US$ 10,000 for demanding toilet after marriage

A young woman who sparked a “sanitation revolution” in her village by forcing her husband to build a toilet in their home has been presented with a cheque for 500,000 Rupees (US$ 10,000).

Anita Narre of Chichouli village of Betul district in Madhya Pradesh received the award from Union Minister of Rural Development Jairam Ramesh, on behalf of Sulabh International.

Two days after her marriage to Shivram in May 2011, Ms Narre left her in-laws’ house. She returned eight days later after her husband, a casual labourer, built a toilet with his savings and neighbours’ help.

Anita Narre’s insistence to have a household toilet drew the attention of Sulabh International. The NGO adopted her in-law’s village Ratanpur for its “Total Cleanliness Drive”. As a result 100 out of the 157 houses in Ratanpur now have a toilet.

Sulabh International chairman Bindeshwar Pathak who presided over the award ceremony function also took Ms Narre to meet Indian President Pratibha Devisingh Patil.

According to India’s 2011 Census, nearly half of India’s 1.2 billion people have no toilet at home. In rural areas 69.3 per cent of households lack a toilet.

Minister of Rural Development Jairam Ramesh has successfully lobbied for an increase in the allocation for rural sanitation and drinking water from 110 billion Rupees (US$ 2.1 billion) in the current fiscal year to 140 billion Rupees





Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene March-April 2017 Vol.12 No.2