How and Why Countries are changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030
By Eddy Perez
The proposed WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) WASH Post 2015 goals for sanitation calls for universal access to basic improved sanitation – by the year 2030. Using largely small scale project approaches that have failed to deliver sustainable sanitation service delivery – especially for the poor -- most countries have not yet achieved the more modest MDG sanitation goals.
However, many countries have already started working to achieve the goal of universal access by taking steps to make the transformational changes needed to stop doing “business as usual” in their sanitation programs. At the recent High Level Meeting of the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) partnership – attended by 20 ministers of fi nance and 35 ministers responsible for water and sanitation representing 43 countries -- over half of the countries set out a vision to achieve universal access to sanitation by or before 2030, 22 countries aim to eliminate open defecation by or before 2030 and, twothirds of the countries made specific commitments relating to the elimination of inequalities. Countries such as Tanzania, Kenya, Laos, India, Ethiopia and Indonesia are making changes in policies, institutional roles, fi nancing approaches, programmatic approaches, and strengthening the implementation capacity of local governments.