REPUBLIC OF KENYA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, WATER
AND NATURAL RESOURCES
Kenya Water Security and Climate Resilience Program (KWSCRP)
By Eng. S.G. Mwangi
Preparation of the Kenya Water Security and climate Resilience Program has just been completed under a Project Preparation Advance (PPA) obtained from the World Bank and the Financing Agreement (FA) for the project was successfully negotiated between the Government of Kenya and the World Bank in April 2013 for funding in the amount of US$ 155 million. The project was presented for World Bank Board review and approval onJune 18th,2013and it was successfully approved. The next stage will be signing of the Financial Agreement between GoK and the Bank in the next few days.
The program was included in the just ended Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2010-2013 and has been preceded by World Bank economic and sector work that analyzed and prioritized potential water storage investments and irrigation development for possible funding. The Implementing Agency for the program is the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MEWNR) and individual components will be implemented by respective institutions owning the assets (Executing Agencies) with the coordination and support by the Project Management Unit (PMU) stationed at the MEWNR.
2. Program Components
2.1 The program will have three inter-related components supporting the project development objective, namely:
(i) Component 1: Water Resources Development – financing large multi-purpose water infrastructure;
(ii) Component 2: Effective Water Sector Institutions financing water sector reforms and institutional support, and water resources planning and management;
iii) Component 3: Support for Project Implementation – financing the Project Management Unit (PMU) stationed at the MEWNR.
The Water Security and Climate Resilience Project – Phase 1 (KWSCRP-1) is the first investment operation under KWSCRP. The expected total amount of KWSCRP-1 is US$ 182.7 million (inclusive of World Bank, KfW and GoK), to be implemented over 7 (seven) years.
Under Component 1 specifically, the Project will support climate resilience and water security for economic growth by financing water investments and by progressively building a longer-term investment pipeline. Component 1 includes two sub-components: (1.1) Water Sector Investments and (1.2) Water Investment Pipeline.
2.2 Lower Nzoia Irrigation Project
Under Phase 1 of the Project, i.e. KWSCRP-1, and through sub-component 1.1, Lower Nzoia Irrigation Project has been prepared and final design is nearing completion. The irrigation project has a budget of US$ 54.5 million (US$ 26.8 million from IDA, US$ 20.0 million from KfW, and US$ 7.7 million from GoK and beneficiaries). The project is being implemented by National Irrigation Board (NIB) as the Executing Agency with finding from KWSCRP.
Under Lower Nzoia Irrigation Scheme Phase 1 direct target beneficiaries include approximately 20,000 people: 2,100 households (12,600 people) who are currently farming land in the sub-project area and some 8,000 other people who would farm the scheme as hired labor. Most households are smallholder farmers (average holding is approximately two hectares), and half are female. Another estimated 50,000 people in local districts are expected to indirectlybenefit through linkages to scheme activities and outputs. In addition, the local economy would be enhanced by irrigated agriculture.
3. Mwache Multipurpose Dam Project
Under Phase 1 of the Project, i.e. KWSCRP-1, and through sub-component 1.2, part of the proceeds is being used to prepare Mwache Multipurpose Dam Project which is planned to be implemented under the second Phase of this project (KWSCRP-2) which will commence once preparation for Mwache is complete.
Mwache Dam is a prioritisedinvestment by the Government as a flagship project of Vision 2030. The project was under the portfolio of the former Ministry of Regional Development Authorities (MoRDA) through the Coast Development Authority (CDA) working in partnership with Coast Water Services Board (CWSB). The main user of the water, Mombasa Water and Sewerage Company (MWASCO), is now part of the partnership and will join the other institutions to work jointly on a roadmap and Memorandum of Agreement (MOA).
Technical Details and Proposed Financing
The dam site is located across the Mwache River at the Fulugani village, Kwale County, about 22 km west of the city of Mombasa. The Coast Water Supply Master Plan has identified the dam as the preferential, viable, and necessary long-term option for water supply to Mombasa and Kwale counties.
The proposed Mwache multi-purpose dam would provide water supply to Mombasa and a proposed irrigation component in Kwale covering a command area of about 5,000 ha adjacent to the dam. The proposed dam is 72.5 m high, with a reservoir capacity of 118 MCM. The dam is expected to supply 186,000 m3/day (67.9 MCM/year) for urban water supply, based on allocation agreements between CWSB, MWASCO and CDA. This will amount to a significant increment from the current supply to Mombasa of 16 MCM/year against an estimated current demand of 150,000 m3/day (54.8 MCM/year).
The Mwache Multi-purpose dam project comprises the following components:
(i) the dam and reservoir
(ii) gravity raw water main(s) from the dam to the
(iii) water treatment plant,
(iv) treated water pumping station
(v) treated water rising main(s) to storage tanks at Mazeras, NguuTatu, Changamwe and Kaya Bombo
(vi storage tanks, and
(vii) irrigation system to cover approximately 5,000ha. in Kwale County where the dam site is located
(viii) Environmental and Social Monitoring Plan (ESMP), and
(ix) Resettlement Action Plan (RAP)
The total cost of the project is estimated at around US$230 million (KShs 20 billion). This amount is expected to be financed largely from IDA/World Bank and other development partners.